Pigeon, any of several hundred species of birds constituting the family Columbidae . Smaller type are usually called doves, larger type pigeons. white homing pigeons, the symbol known as the “dove of peace.”
- Alternative forms
pidgeon (chiefly archaic)
It started with the pigeon breeding already in the fourth millennium BC in Egypt. Pigeons look very different depending on the breed: they can be white or brown, but also patterned. Some are really colorful or even have curly feathers.
Pigeon Etymology Defination
- From Middle English pygeoun, pygyne, pegyon,
- From Old French pijon, pyjon,
- From Late Latin pipionem (“chirping bird”), accusative singular of Latin pipio (“chirping bird”), from pipio (“to chirp”).
And other defination ; any bird of the family Columbidae, having a compact body and short legs, especially the larger species with square or rounded tails.
Type of pigeons
1-Utility type ( formentauben germ.)
- Giant Pigeons breeds ( Hungarian homing , Runt pigeons… )
- Homer pigeons ( Beauty homers…)
- Flying form pigeons ( Dewlap pigeons … )
- Racing homers ( moulemans … )
2-Wattle pigeons ( warzentauben germ.)
- Barb pigeons ( English barb,polish breeds…)
- Bagdad pigeons ( Carrier , bagdadi, scandaroon… )
3-Hen pigeons ( huhntauben germ.)
4-Pouter – cropper pigeons ( kröpfer germ.)
- Pouter pigeons ( Ghent pouter, lilly pouter…)
- Spanish cropper pigeons ( Buchonas…)
5-Colour pigeons ( farbentauben germ.)
6-Trumpeter pigeons ( trommeltauben germ.)
7-Structure pigeons ( structurtauben germ.)
- Fantail pigeons ( American,indian…)
- jacobin pigeons ( Jacobins,capucin…)
- Frillback pigeons
8-Owl pigeons ( Mövchen germ.)
9-Tumbler pigeons ( Tümmler germ.)
- Tumbler pigeons ( Coop tumbler,flying tumbler… )
- Roller pigeons ( Oriental roller,birmingham…
- Highflyer pigeons ( Hungarian highflyer, Danzig …)
- Tippler pigeons ( English , Pakistan , Show tipplers…)
- Russian positümmler ( Rostov, volga…)
10-Ringbater pigeons ( Ringschläger germ.)
Pigeons 250 species are known; All members suck liquids and all pigeon parents feed their young “pigeon’s milk,” the sloughed-off lining of the crop, the production of which is stimulated by the hormone prolactin. The nestling obtains this “milk” by poking its bill down the parent’s throat.
The incubation period is 14 to 19 days, but the young are cared for in the nest for another 12 to 18 days.
- Darwin’s enthusiasm just plain silly impacted his 1868 book The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, which has not one but rather two sections about pigeons (mutts and felines share a solitary part).
- Nikola Tesla was another extraordinary personality who delighted in pigeons. He used to think about harmed wild pigeons in his New York City inn room.
The Columbinae, the typical, or true, pigeons, consists of about 175 species in about 30 genera. gregarious seed and fruit eaters are found worldwide in temperate and tropical regions. Some are ground feeders, others feed partly or wholly in trees.
The cosmopolitan genus Columba— Old World wood pigeons – New World band-tailed pigeons—is classified in this group, along with the Streptopelia species, the Old World turtledoves and ringdoves.
Street pigeons , These are composed of a bewildering array of crossbreeds of domesticated strains, all of them ultimately traceable to the Old World rock dove (Columba livia).
Especially : a member of any of numerous varieties of the rock dove that exist in domestication and in the feral state in cities and towns throughout most of the world
First homing pigeon bird;
The common city pigeon (Columba livia), also known as the rock pigeon, might be the first bird humankind ever domesticated. 4500 BCE in modern Iraq,
—show pigeons, racing pigeons, and large types. Among such strains, pouter pigeons have a large, inflatable gullet; carrier pigeons have a long bill; runts, a massive bill and body; barbs, a short bill. Fantails may have 42 tail feathers; owl pigeons have diverging throat feathers; frillbacks, the feathers reversed; jacobins, hoodlike neck feathers. Tumblers tumble backward in flight.
Taubenvögel | Haustaube
Die Haustaube (Columba livia forma domestica) ist die vom Menschen domestizierte Form der Felsentaube. Sie wurde früher auch als Brieftaube zur Nachrichtenübermittlung eingesetzt. Stadttauben sind wieder verwilderte Haustauben.